9. DAF. "Delivered At Frontier"
means that the seller's obligations are fulfilled when the
goods have arrived at the frontier but before the customs
border of the country named in the sales contract. The term
is primarily used when goods are carried by rail or truck.
The seller bears the full cost and risk in delivering the
goods up to this point, but the buyer must arrange and pay
for the goods to clear customs.
10. DES "Delivered Ex-Ship"
means the seller makes the goods available to the buyer on
board the ship at the destination named in the sales contract.
The seller bears the full cost and risk involved in bringing
the goods there. The cost of unloading the goods and any customs
duties must be paid by the buyer.
11. DEQ "Delivered Ex-Quay"
means the seller has agreed to make the goods available
to the buyer on the quay or the wharf at the destination named
in the sales contract. The seller bears the full cost and
risks in delivering the goods to that point including unloading.
There are two variations of ex quay contracts: "ex quay
duty paid" and "ex quay duty on buyer's account."
In the first, the duty is paid by the seller. In the second,
the duty also is paid by the seller, but the buyer must reimburse
12. DDU "Delivery Duty Unpaid" Delivered
duty paid or Under these terms, the seller fulfils his obligation
to deliver when the goods have been available to the buyer
uncleared for import at the point or place of the named destination.
The seller bears all costs and risks involved in bringing
the goods to the point or place of named destination. There
is no obligation for import clearance.
13. DDP "Delivery/Duty Paid"
represents the seller's maximum obligation. The term
"DDP." is generally followed by words indicating
the buyer's premises. It notes that the seller bears all risks
and all costs until the goods are delivered. This term can
be used irrespective of the mode of transport. If the parties
wish to make clear that the seller is not responsible for
certain costs, additional word should be added (for example,
"delivered duty paid exclusive of VAT and/or taxes").