Who decides what INCOTERMS mean?
When are INCOTERMS used?
How do INCOTERMS work?
  E Group F Group
C Group D Group
F - Group: Used where the seller can arrange some transport within his/her own country.

2. FCA or "Free Carrier " This term has been designed to meet the requirements of multi-modal transport, such as container or roll-on, roll-off traffic by trailers and ferries. The seller fulfils his/her obligations when the goods are delivered to the custody of the carrier at a named point. If no precise point can be named at the time of the contract of sale, the parties should refer to the place where the carrier should take the goods into its charge. The risk of loss or damage to the goods is transferred from seller to buyer at that time.

3. FAS or "Free Alongside Ship" requires the seller to deliver the goods alongside the ship on the quay. From that point on, the buyer bears all costs and risks of loss and damage to the goods. F.A.S. requires the buyer to clear the goods for export and pay the cost of loading the goods.

4. FOB or "Free On Board," the goods are placed on board the ship by the seller at a port of shipment named in the sales agreement. The risk of loss of or damage to the goods is transferred to the buyer when the goods pass the ship's rail (i.e., off the dock and placed on the ship). The seller pays the cost of loading the goods.